"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
State Legislators
In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
Progress by State

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Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Advisory Board
    John Anderson (R-I–IL)
    Birch Bayh (D–IN)
    John Buchanan (R–AL)
    Tom Campbell (R–CA)
    Tom Downey (D–NY)
    D. Durenberger (R–MN)
    Jake Garn (R–UT)
    What Do You Think
    How should we elect the President?
    The candidate who gets the most votes in all 50 states.
    The current Electoral College system.

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    New York

    ALBANY, April 15, 2014 — Governor Andrew M. Cuomo signed the National Popular Vote bill, making New York the 11th jurisdiction to enact the law.

    On March 25, 2014, the New York Legislature completed action on the National Popular Vote bill and sent it to Governor Cuomo. The Senate passed the bill by a 57–4 margin, and the Assembly passed the bill 100–32. The bill sponsored by Republican Sen. Joseph Griffo and Democratic Assemblyman Jeffrey Dinowitz.

    In the Senate, Republicans supported the bill 27–2; Republicans endorsed by the Conservative Party by 26–2; Democrats supported the bill 30–2; Democrats supported by the Working Families Party supported the bill 25–2.

    In the Assembly, Republicans supported the bill 21–18; Republicans endorsed by the Conservative party supported the bill 18–16; Democrats supported the bill 81–15. Democrats endorsed by the Working Families Party supported the bill by 59–11 .

    Assemblymember Jeff Dinowitz presents bill in New York Assembly

    On June 12, 2013, the New York State Assembly approved the National Popular Vote bill (A4422-S3149) by a 100–40 margin. A total of 78 Democrats and 22 Republicans voted in favor of the bill.

    Assemblymember Jeffery Dinowitz (sponsor) debates bill on June 12, 2013

    Assemblymember Carl. E. Heastie debates bill on June 12, 2013

    Assemblymember Joan L. Millman debates bill on June 12, 2013

    Assemblymember Sandy Galef debates bill on June 12, 2013

    On February 5, 2013, the National Popular Vote bill was introduced in the New York Assembly and Senate (A4422-S3149). The Senate bill was sponsored by Senators Joseph A. Griffo, and Kevin S. Parker. The Assembly bill was sponsored by Assemblymen Jeffrey Dinowitz, Fred W. Thiele. Jr., Joan L. Millman, Sandy Galef, Charles D. Lavine, Brian Kavanagh, Richard N. Gottfried, Vivian E. Cook, Ellen Jaffee, Michele R. Titus, Steve Englebright, Nick Perry, Daniel J. O'Donnell, Amy Paulin, Barbara Lifton, Karim Camara, Annette Robinson, Felix Ortiz, Jose Rivera, Phil Ramos, Dan Quart, Inez D. Barron, William F. Boyland, Jr., Alec Brook-Krasny, William Colton, Nelson L. Castro, James F. Brennan, Michelle Schimel, Vanessa L. Gibson, Earlene Hooper, Donna A. Lupardo, Aileen M. Gunther, Linda B. Rosenthal, Mark Weprin, Michael Miller, William B. Magnarelli, Eric A. Stevenson, Robert J. Rodriguez, Phillip Goldfeder, Kenneth Zebrowski, Phil Steck, Luis R. Sepulveda, Al Stirpe, Walter T. Mosley, Thomas J. Abinanti, Carmen E. Arroyo, Anthony J. Brindisi, Marcos A. Crespo, Clifford W. Crouch, Steven Cymbrowitz, Michael G. DenDekker, Janet L. Duprey, Rafael L. Espinal, Jr., Patricia Fahy, Deborah J. Glick, Stephen Hawley, Carl E. Heastie, Rhoda Jacobs, Joseph R. Lentol, Peter D. Lopez, William Magee, Alan Maisel, Margaret M. Markey, John T. McDonald, III, David G. McDonough, Francisco P. Moya, Bob Oaks, Sean Ryan, William Scarborough, Michael Simanowitz, Frank K. Skartados, Robert K. Sweeney, Matthew Titone, Helene E. Weinstein, and Harvey Weisenberg.

    On June 7, 2011, the Republican-controlled New York Senate passed the National Popular Vote bill (S4208 / AB 489) by a 47–13 margin, with Republicans favoring the bill by 21–11 and Democrats favoring it by 26–2. Republicans endorsed by the Conservative Party favored the bill 17–7. The bill now goes to the New York State Assembly. The bill passed the New York Senate in 2010 when the chamber was controlled by Democrats and has now passed with the chamber controlled by Republicans.

    Senator Joseph Griffo (sponsor) debates bill on June 7, 2011

    New York Senate votes on bill on June 7, 2011

    In February 2011, Senator Joseph A. Griffo introduced the National Popular Vote bill (S4208) in the New York Senate.

    The National Popular Vote bill in the Assembly is sponsored by Jeffrey Dinowitz, Fred W. Thiele Jr., Sandy Galef, Charles D. Lavine, Brian Kavanagh, Joan L. Millman, Mike Spano, Richard N. Gottfried, Vivian E. Cook, Ellen Jaffee, Steve Englebright, N. Nick Perry, Daniel J. O'Donnell, Amy Paulin, Barbara Lifton, Karim Camara, Annette Robinson, Michele R. Titus, Felix Ortiz, Jose Rivera, Phil Ramos, Inez D. Barron, William F. Boyland, Jr., Alec Brook-Krasny, William Colton, James F. Brennan, Nelson L. Castro, Donna A. Lupardo, Nettie Mayersohn, Linda B. Rosenthal, John J. McEneny, Michelle Schimel, Hakeem Jeffries, Vanessa L. Gibson, Earlene Hooper, Naomi Rivera, Aileen M. Gunther, William B. Magnarelli, Sam Hoyt, Peter Manuel Rivera, David I. Weprin, Eric Stevenson, Mike Miller, Robert Rodriguez, George Latimer, Guillermo Linares, Philip Boyle, Daniel J. Burling, Marcos Crespo, Clifford W. Crouch, Steven Cymbrowitz, Michael G. DenDekker, Janet L. Duprey, Gary Finch, Deborah J. Glick, Stephen Hawley, Carl E. Heastie, Rhoda Jacobs, Rory I. Lancman, George Latimer, Joseph R. Lentol, Peter D. Lopez, William Magee, Alan Maisel, Margaret M. Markey, Grace Meng, Dean Murray, Robert Oaks, Audrey I. Pheffer, Andrew Raia, Teresa R. Sayward, William Scarborough, Robert K. Sweeney, Matthew Titone, Helene E. Weinstein, Harvey Weisenberg, and Kenneth Zebrowski.

    On June 7, 2010, the New York Senate passed the National Popular Vote bill (S2286A / A1580B), with over two-thirds of both political parties supporting the bill in a 52-7 roll call. The vote was 22-5 among Senate Republicans (with 3 not voting) and 30-2 among Senate Democrats. The bill now goes to the 150-member Assembly where it has 80 sponsors.


    New York Senate passes National Popular Vote bill 52-7

    On February 17, 2009, the National Popular Vote bill (S2286A) was introduced in the New York Senate by Senators Kevin S. Parker, Liz Krueger, and George Onorato. The bill currently has a total of 18 sponsoring, also including Senators Andrea Stewart-Cousins, Antoine M. Thompson, Bill Perkins, Diane J. Savino, Eric Adams, Eric Schneiderman, Hiram Monserrate, John L. Sampson, Jose M. Serrano, Neil D. Breslin, Ruth Hassell-Thompson, Shirley L. Huntley, Velmanette Montgomery, William T. Stachowski, and Darrel J. Aubertine.

    On December 23, 2008, the National Popular Vote bill was introduced in the New York Assembly for the 2009 session by Assemblymember Jeffrey Dinowitz and others. The amended bill (A1580B) currently has a total 61 sponsors in the Assembly, including Assembly members Adam Clayton Powell IV, Alan Maisel, Anthony S. Seminerio, Felix Ortiz, Fred W. Thiele Jr., Jose R. Peralta, Jose Rivera, Karim Camara, Jeffrey Dinowitz, Keith L.T. Wright, Marc S. Alessi, N. Nick Perry, Phil Ramos, Robert K. Sweeney, Steve Englebright, Steven Cymbrowitz, William F. Boyland, Jr., William Magee, William Scarborough, Adriano Espaillat, Alec Brook-Krasny, Annette Robinson, Aurelia Greene, Brian Kavanagh, Charles D. Lavine, Daniel J. O'Donnell, David Koon, Deborah J. Glick, Grace Meng, Inez D. Barron, James F. Brennan, John J. McEneny, Jonathan L. Bing, Linda B. Rosenthal, Marcus Molinaro, Micah Kellner, Michael G. DenDekker, Mike Spano, Nelson L. Castro, Peter D. Lopez, Richard N. Gottfried, William Colton, Amy Paulin, Audrey I. Pheffer, Barbara Lifton, Donna A. Lupardo, Ellen Jaffee, Ginny Fields, Joan L. Millman, Michele R. Titus, Nettie Mayersohn, Patricia A. Eddington, Sandy Galef, Teresa R. Sayward, Vivian E. Cook, Rhoda Jacobs, Philip Boyle, Joseph R. Lentol, Kenneth Zebrowski, Margaret M. Markey, Janele Hyer-Spencer, Carl E. Heastie, Joseph P. Addabbo, Jr., Martin Malve Dilan, Pedro Espada, Jr., Suzi Oppenheimer, Michelle Schimel, Hakeem Jeffries, Vanessa L. Gibson, Earlene Hooper, Naomi Rivera, David I. Weprin, Rory I. Lancman, Peter D. Lopez, Frank K. Skartados, Matthew Titone, Andrew Hevesi, Aileen M. Gunther, William B. Magnarelli, Al Stirpe, Daniel J. Burling, Clifford W. Crouch, Janet L. Duprey, Dean Murray, Addie J. Russell, and Helene E. Weinstein

    A survey of 800 New York voters conducted on December 22-23, 2008 showed 79% overall support for a national popular vote for President. By gender, support was 89% among women and 69% among men. By age, support was 60% among 18-29 year olds, 74% among 30-45 year olds, 85% among 46-65 year olds, and 82% for those older than 65. By race, support was 78% among whites (representing 67% of respondents, 78% among African Americans (representing 18% of respondents), 86% among Hispanics (representing 12% of respondents), and 70% among Others (representing 4% of respondents). Support was 86% among Democrats, 66% among Republicans, 78% among Independence Party members (representing 8% of respondents), 50% among Conservative Party members (representing 3% of respondents), 100% among Working Families Party members (representing 2% of respondents), and 7% among Others (representing 7% of respondents). The survey has a margin of error of plus or minus 3 1/2%.      December 2008 New York poll

    On May 13, 2008, the Assembly Committee on Election Law approved the National Popular Vote bill.

    On April 15, 2008, Senator Joseph A. Griffo, Chairman of the Senate Elections Committee, introduced the the National Popular Vote bill in the New York Senate. (S07582     Status of S07582)

    On February 12, 2007, Assembly members Jeffrey Dinowitz, Fred W. Thiele, Jr., Sandy Galef, Charles D. Lavine, and Barbara Lifton are sponsoring the National Popular Vote bill in the New York State Assembly (A3883) (Status of A3883).

    In 2006, five Republican New York Assembly members introduced the bill (A11563) on May 25, 2006:

    • Assemblyman Fred W. Thiele, Jr. (Republican, Independence, Working Families – Sag Harbor);
    • Assemblyman Jim Bacalles (Republican, Conservative – Corning);
    • Assemblyman Joe Errigo (Republican, Conservative – Conesus);
    • Assemblyman Andrew Raia (Republican, Conservative, Independence, Working Families – East Northport); and
    • Assemblywoman Teresa Sayward (Republican, Independence, Conservative – Willsboro).

    The bill's sponsor, New York State Assemblyman Fred W. Thiele, Jr. stated in 2006:

    "The election of the President by popular vote is a goal that is supported by more than 70% of the American people. There is no rational reason in the 21st Century why the public should not be permitted to select its President by majority vote. The Electoral College is a 18th Century anachronism that no longer serves the goals of a pure democracy. The enactment of an interstate compact to insure the popular election of the President is a creative and innovative way to attain this goal. New York State, the Empire State should take a leadership role in energizing our democracy."




    New York Assemblymember Jeffrey Dinowitz
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    New York Assemblymember Joseph Griffo
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    New York Assemblymember Fred W. Thiele, Jr.
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    New York Assemblymember Jim Bacalles
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    New York Assemblymember Joseph A. Errigo
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    New York Assemblymember Andrew P. Raia
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    New York Assemblymember Teresa R. Sayward
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    New York Assemblymember Sandy Galef
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    New York Assemblymember Charles D. Lavine
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    New York Assemblymember Barbara Lifton
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    New York Assemblymember Joan L. Millman
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    New York Assemblymember Marcus Molinaro
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    New York Assemblymember Brian P. Kavanagh
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    New York Assemblymember Patricia A. Eddington
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    New York Assemblymember Micah Z. Kellner
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    New York Assemblymember Ginny Fields
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    New York Assemblymember Alan Maisel
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    New York Assemblymember Amy Paulin
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    New York Assemblymember Daniel J. O'Donnell
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    New York Assemblymember David Koon
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    New York Assemblymember Deborah J. Glick
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    New York Assemblymember Ellen Jaffee
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    New York Assemblymember Jose R. Peralta
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    New York Assemblymember Keith L.T. Wright
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    New York Assemblymember Mike Spano
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    New York Assemblymember N. Nick Perry
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    New York Assemblymember Peter D. Lopez
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    New York Assemblymember Richard N. Gottfried
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    New York Assemblymember Robert K. Sweeney
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    New York Assemblymember Steve Englebright
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    New York Assemblymember Vivian E. Cook
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    New York Assemblymember William Magee
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    New York Assemblymember William Scarborough
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    New York Assemblymember Adam Clayton Powell, IV
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    New York Assemblymember Felix Ortiz
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    New York Assemblymember Jose Rivera
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    New York Assemblymember Karim Camara
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    New York Assemblymember Marc S. Alessi
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    New York Assemblymember Phil Ramos
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    New York Assemblymember Steven Cymbrowitz
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    New York Assemblymember William F. Boyland, Jr.
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    New York Assemblymember Adriano Espaillat
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    New York Assemblymember Alec Brook-Krasny
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    New York Assemblymember Annette Robinson
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    New York Assemblymember Aurelia Greene
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    New York Assemblymember Grace Meng
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    New York Assemblymember Inez D. Barron
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    New York Assemblymember James F. Brennan
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    New York Assemblymember Jonathan L. Bing
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    New York Assemblymember Nelson L. Castro
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    New York Assemblymember William Colton
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    New York Assemblymember Donna A. Lupardo
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    New York Assemblymember Michele R. Titus
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    New York Assemblymember Nettie Mayersohn
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    New York Assemblymember Anthony S. Seminerio
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    New York Assemblymember Audrey I. Pheffer
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    New York Assemblymember John J. McEneny
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    New York Assemblymember Linda B. Rosenthal
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    New York Assemblymember Michael G. DenDekker
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    New York State Senator Andrea Stewart-Cousins
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    New York State Senator Antoine M. Thompson
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    New York State Senator Bill Perkins
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    New York State Senator Diane J. Savino
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    New York State Senator Eric Adams
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    New York State Senator George Onorato
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    New York State Senator Hiram Monserrate
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    New York State Senator John L. Sampson
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    New York State Senator Jose M. Serrano
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    New York State Senator Kevin S. Parker
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    New York State Senator Liz Krueger
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    New York State Senator Ruth Hassell-Thompson
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    New York State Senator Shirley L. Huntley
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    New York State Senator Velmanette Montgomery
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    New York State Senator Eric Schneiderman
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    New York State Senator Neil D. Breslin
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    New York Assemblymember Rhoda Jacobs
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    New York Assemblymember Philip Boyle
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    New York Assemblymember Joseph R. Lentol
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    New York Assemblymember Kenneth Zebrowski
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    New York Assemblymember Margaret M. Markey
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    New York Assemblymember Janele Hyer-Spencer
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    New York Assemblymember Carl E. Heastie
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    New York State Senator William T. StachowskI
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    New York State Senator Darrel J. Aubertine
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    New York State Senator Joseph P. Addabbo, Jr.
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    New York State Senator Martin Malve Dilan
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    New York State Senator Pedro Espada, Jr.
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    New York State Senator Suzi Oppenheimer
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    New York Assemblymember Michelle Schimel
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    New York Assemblymember Hakeem Jeffries
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    New York Assemblymember Vanessa L. Gibson
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    New York Assemblymember Earlene Hooper
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    New York Assemblymember Naomi Rivera
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    New York Assemblymember David I. Weprin
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    New York Assemblymember Rory I. Lancman
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    New York Assemblymember Frank K. Skartados
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    New York Assemblymember Matthew Titone
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    New York Assemblymember Andrew Hevesi
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    New York Assemblymember Aileen M. Gunther
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    New York Assemblymember William B. Magnarelli
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    New York Assemblymember Al Stirpe
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    New York Assemblymember Daniel J. Burling
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    New York Assemblymember Clifford W. Crouch
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    New York Assemblymember Janet L. Duprey
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    New York Assemblymember Dean Murray
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    New York Assemblymember Addie J. Russell
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    New York Assemblymember Helene E. Weinstein
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    New York Assemblymember Marcos A. Crespo
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    New York Assemblymember Stephen Hawley
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    New York Assemblymember William B. Sam Hoyt
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    New York Assemblymember Mike Miller
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    New York Assemblymember Robert C. Oaks
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    New York Assemblymember Peter Manuel Rivera
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    New York Assemblymember Robert Rodriguez
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    New York Assemblymember Eric Stevenson
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    New York Assemblymember Gary D. Finch
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    New York Assemblymember Guillermo Linares
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    New York Assemblymember George S. Latimer
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    New York Assemblymember Harvey Weisenberg
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    Under the current system of electing the President, a candidate may win a majority of the Electoral College without having a majority of the nationwide popular vote. The National Popular Vote bill would reform the Electoral College by guaranteeing the Presidency to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states (and the District of Columbia). The bill would enact the proposed interstate compact entitled the "Agreement Among the States to Elect the President by National Popular Vote." The compact would take effect only when enacted, in identical form, by states possessing a majority of the membership of the Electoral College (that is 270 of 538 electoral votes). Under the compact, all of the members of the Electoral College from all states belonging to the compact would be from the same political party as the winner of nationwide popular vote. Thus, the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states (and the District of Columbia) will be guaranteed a majority of the Electoral College, and hence the Presidency. Because the compact guarantees a majority of the Electoral College to the winner of most popular votes nationwide, the compact has the additional benefit of eliminating the possibility that a presidential election might be thrown into the U.S. House of Representatives (with each state casting one vote).


    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President