"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
State Legislators
In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
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Entrepreneur Tom Golisano Endorses National Popular Vote

Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Advisory Board
    John Anderson (R-I–IL)
    Birch Bayh (D–IN)
    John Buchanan (R–AL)
    Tom Campbell (R–CA)
    Tom Downey (D–NY)
    D. Durenberger (R–MN)
    Jake Garn (R–UT)
    What Do You Think
    How should we elect the President?
    The candidate who gets the most votes in all 50 states.
    The current Electoral College system.

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    Photo Gallery


    Former U.S. Senator Birch Bayh (right) confers with Maryland Senator Jamie Raskin on National Popular Vote bill in Maryland. Senator Bayh championed nationwide election of the President while representing Indiana in the U.S. Senate. Senator Raskin, who is professor of constitutional law at American University Law School in Washington, was Senate sponsor of the National Popular Vote law in Maryland.

    Maryland Governor Martin O'Malley signs the National Popular Vote bill.

    National Popular Vote’s initial press conference on February 23, 2006, at National Press Club in Washington, DC, as shown on C-SPAN. From left to right, former Congressman John Buchanan (R–Alabama), former Congressman John B. Anderson (R-Illinois and Independent presidential candidate), National Popular Vote President Barry Fadem, former Senator Birch Bayh (D–Indiana), and Common Cause President Chellie Pingree. Also speaking at press conference (but not shown) were Rob Richie, Executive Director of FairVote; Dr. John R. Koza, originator of the National Popular Vote plan; and Kirk Clay of Common Cause. Video available from C-SPAN as item number 191353-1.
    Prepared remarks       Press release

    Vermont State Representative Chris Pearson meeting with Editorial Board of Milwaukee Journal Sentinel in 2006.

    Former Congressman John B. Anderson (R-Illinois and independent presidential candidate) speaks at National Popular Vote's initial press conference on February 23, 2006, at National Press Club in Washington, DC.

    C-SPAN Washington Journal interview on February 23, 2006 with former Senator Birch Bayh (D–Indiana). Video available from C-SPAN as item number 191228-4.

    Picture of Consensus game and Dr. John R. Koza from September 21, 2006, New York Times news story on National Popular Vote.

    Political board game by John R. Koza—first published in 1966—based on fighting for battleground states in the Electoral College. Shown on CBS Early Show on November 21, 2000.

    Political board game Consensus shown on CBS Early Show on November 21, 2000.

    Rob Richie, Executive Director of FairVote, speaking on the National Popular Vote plan at Kent State University in Columbus, Ohio on January 17, 2007, as part of a symposium entitled "2008 and Beyond: The Future of Election and Ethics Reform in the States."

    California Assembly Elections and Redistricting Committee on April 25, 2006, showing (left to right at witness table) Dr. John R. Koza, originator of the National Popular Vote plan, Assembly member Tom Umberg (Orange County), the bill’s sponsor in California and chair of the Committee, and Ethan Jones, Consultant to the Committee in 2006.

    California Assemblyman Tom Umberg (Orange County), sponsor of AB 2948, speaking in State Capitol in Sacramento

    From left to right at witness table of May 10, 2006, hearing of Louisiana House and Governmental Affairs Committee: National Popular Vote President Barry Fadem, State Representative Juan LaFonta (D), and former congressman John Buchanan (R–Alabama).

    North Dakota Senate chamber with Allan Stenehjem, John R. Koza, and Dick Weber

    KGO-TV interview with Dr. John R. Koza on March 31, 2006, on National Popular Vote

    National Popular Vote President Barry Fadem with John Hodges in West Virginia.

    Colorado Senate Majority Leader Ken Gordon presents National Popular Vote bill to Senate Committee on State, Veterans and Military Affairs on January 17, 2007

    Vermont State Representative Chris Pearson speaks in favor of National Popular Vote in Trenton, New Jersey on October 4, 2007.

    Maryland State Senator Jamie Raskin speaks in Boston on September 19, 2007 on the National Popular Vote bill in Massachusetts. Raskin was the Senate sponsor of the bill in Maryland, was formerly Assistant Attorney General of Massachusetts, and was formerly editor of the Harvard Law Review. He is currently a law professor in Washington, DC and teaches constitutional law at Washington College of Law at the American University.

    Maryland State Senator Jamie Raskin and National Popular Vote President Barry Fadem testify at hearing of Joint Committee on Election Laws of the Massachusetts General Court on September 19, 2007.

    Common Cause President Bob Edgar moderated the Archibald Cox Lecture in New York City on January 22, 2008, with panelists Hendrik Hertzberg of The New Yorker, Dr. John R. Koza (Chairman of National Popular Vote), and Massachusetts Common Cause Executive Director Pam Wilmot.    [EXTERNAL LINK]

    Dr. John R. Koza (Chairman of National Popular Vote) at presentation at New York Yacht Club on January 22, 2008

    The National Conference of State Legislatures conducted a panel discussion in Boston on August 5, 2007, on the movement to award the Presidency to the candidate winning the most votes in all 50 states. The panel was chaired by New Mexico Representative Edward Sandoval and included Dr. John R. Koza from National Popular Vote, Maryland Delegate Jon Cardin (Chair of the subcommittee that handled the recently enacted National Popular Vote bill in the Maryland House), and John Samples of The Cato Institute in Washington, D.C. [Video (1 hr 17 min) LINK]

    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President