"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
State Legislators
In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
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Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Advisory Board
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    What Do You Think
    How should we elect the President?
    The candidate who gets the most votes in all 50 states.
    The current Electoral College system.

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    Albany Times Union
    A Vote in New York's Best Interest
    Albany Times Union op-Ed
    By John R. Koza
    June 9, 2010

    None of the $89 million that New Yorkers donated to the presidential campaigns of Barack Obama and John McCain was spent in New York in the 2008 general election. Even though New York is the nation's third-largest state, neither candidate conducted a single post-convention public campaign event here in 2008.

    The reason that New York is ignored in presidential elections is that all of a state's electoral votes are awarded to the candidate who gets the most popular votes in the state. Because of this winner-take-all rule, presidential candidates have no reason to poll, visit, advertise, organize or pay attention to the concerns of voters of states where they are comfortably ahead or hopelessly behind. In 2008, candidates concentrated two-thirds of their campaign events and advertising money in just six closely divided "battleground" states, and 98 percent in just 15 states.

    New York (and 34 other spectator states and the District of Columbia) were ignored in presidential campaigns, while two states, Ohio and Florida, hosted more than a third of the 300 post-convention campaign events in 2008.

    Another shortcoming of the winner take all rule is that a candidate can win the presidency without winning the most popular votes nationwide.

    The winner of the popular vote and Electoral College has differed four times in our 56 presidential elections, most recently in 2000. Near-misses are also common. In 2004, a shift of 60,000 votes in Ohio would have elected John Kerry, even though President George W. Bush was ahead by 3.5 million votes nationwide.

    It's time to reform the system and do what poll results show 78 percent of New Yorkers have long supported -- elect the president by a national popular vote.

    The Constitution gives the states exclusive and complete control over the way they award their electoral votes. The winner-take-all method of awarding all of a state's electoral votes to the statewide winner is not in the Constitution. It was not the choice of the Founding Fathers and was, in fact, used by only three states in the nation's first presidential election. New York didn't switch to it until 1832.

    The National Popular Vote bill (A1580B/S2286A) just passed the New York state Senate with overwhelming bipartisan support. The legislation has 80 Assembly sponsors, and is poised for action this legislative session.

    The bill would reform the Electoral College so that it reflects the nationwide choice of the people. It would take effect only when enacted by states possessing a majority of the electoral votes -- that is, enough electoral votes to elect a president (270 of 538). When the bill is in effect, all the electoral votes from the states that enacted the bill would be awarded, as a bloc, to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states (and the District of Columbia). The bill would guarantee the presidency to the candidate who receives the most votes nationwide.

    The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted by Hawaii, Illinois, New Jersey, Maryland, and Washington -- states having about a quarter of the 270 votes necessary to bring the law into effect. The bill has passed 30 legislative chambers in 20 states around the country (most recently here in New York and earlier this spring by the House of Representatives in Delaware and Massachusetts).

    The bill has endorsements from 1,887 legislators from all 50 states. The movement for this bill is led by former Republican and Democratic members of Congress.

    The National Popular Vote bill is in New York's interest. It guarantees that the presidential candidate receiving the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia will win the presidency; that every voter in every state will be relevant in every presidential election; and that every vote will be equal throughout the United States.


    John R. Koza, Ph.D., is the chair of National Popular Vote, a bipartisan non-profit corporation (http://www.nationalpopularvote.com).


    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President